Building MySQL DBaaS on Openstack with XtraDB Cluster

我们将介绍在Paddy Power Betfair的OpenStack上构建MySQL数据库的过程。
我们想讨论一下Percona在PPB采用MySQL过程中提供的帮助和支持,以及我们如何利用Percona软件在PPB的私有OpenStack云上构建成熟的DBA。

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1.Building MySQL DBaaS on OpenStack with XtraDB Cluster

2.Who We Are  Paddy Power Betfair is a leading international sports betting and gaming operator  FTSE100, Market Cap ~£7Bn  We operate six leading brands; PaddyPower, Betfair, Sportsbet, FanDuel, TVG, DRAFT  Over five million customers worldwide  We run some of the world’s most exciting online sports betting and gaming brands  We employ over 7000 people from Los Angeles to Melbourne, via Dublin and London

3.Where We Started  Merger of Paddy Power and Betfair  Ageing native Infrastructure  Lack of cross DC DR for MySQL  Reduce TTM for new database systems  S/W and H/W inconsistencies across Dev, QA and Prod

4.Our Vision  DB as a service  Always-On, Highly Available, Disaster Proof architecture  Rapid provisioning  Ability to quickly patch systems with little to no disruption for Applications  Free up staff for more valuable work

5.DBaaS at Paddy Power Betfair

6.XtraDB Cluster on OpenStack…

7.MySQL HA Options? • MySQL Master-Master cross DC replication • XtraDB cluster with arbitrator node in cloud/3-DC • Asymmetric cross DC XtraDB Cluster (3-node)

8.Why Not Master-Master Cross DC Replication? Limitations: • Handling replication lags in case of unplanned failovers • Handling split brain scenarios • Operational overhead of keeping replication working for over 160+ environment’s • Conflict resolution

9.Why Not XtraDB Cluster with Arbitrator in 3rd DC? arbitrator Limitations: • Additional round trip network latency • SST with just 2 active node will cause service disruption • Handling split brain scenarios arbitrator

10.Why Asymmetric Cross DC XtraDB Cluster? Limitations: • Unplanned DC outage on majority node DC

11. Why Percona XtraDB? Cross DC resiliency Transparent/Seamless failover for planned maintenance Cross DC deployment pipeline Improving customer experience Fast recovery from DC outages Less Operational Overhead

12.Why XtraDB Backup, PMM, pt-online-schema-change? • XtraDB Backup allows us to recover individual nodes, without having to do SST on 1 TB DB’s • XtraDB Backup allows us to do point in time and partition level recovery • PMM allows us to monitor XtraDB cluster, MySQL and O/S metrics in a centralized fashion. • PMM allows us to add PMM agents as part of our deployment pipeline • pt-online-schema-change for running schema upgrades, on OLTP platform

13.PMM Dash Board

14.Why NetScaler? • MaxScale and ProxySQL did not support values returned from DB procedure calls (at the time of testing) • NetScaler allows us to check DB state for routing connections, as it works better than other connection managers which checks the port state • DB state check has helped in reducing the failover time’s from 10 sec to 2-3 seconds • NetScaler allows us to implement read/write split rules, this is something we plan to use in future. • Existing framework code to provision NetScalers

15.What Did We Build?

16.IaC /1 - Automation Tools Our toolset includes: • Gitlab (code repository) • Artifactory (artifacts, external repos proxy) • Jenkins (Ci Build Jobs) • GoCD (Pipeline configuration and templates)

17.IaC /2 - Ansible Framework We have number of Git repositories to describe our infrastructure requirements. They all feed our Ansible Framework that calls APIs to provision what’s required.

18.IaC /3 - Our repos • Openstack VM provisioning specs • SDN (Nuage network and firewall design) • Load Balancer (Citrix netscaler VIPs, AVI GSLB) • Monitoring (Sensu, Splunk, Tsdb)

19.IaC – PPB Cloud /3a Percona XtraDB Cluster Configuration Percona XtraDB Cluster gets configured using an Ansible role included by our Framework • We use jinja2 templates • Default values for all MySQL parameters • Override values for each environment e.g. Memory parameter is calculated dynamically as a percentage of the total allocated memory to VM.

20.IaC – PPB Cloud /3b Percona XtraDB Cluster Configuration

21.IaC - PPB Cloud /5 Jenkins wraps it up

22.IaC - PPB Cloud /6 GoCD Pipelines Provisioning the desired infrastructure with the same process for each Environment (QA/Pre-Prod/Perf/Prod)

23.CI/CD Workflow in a picture

24.Challenges • Hosting stateful applications on PPBF Openstack. • Reducing Service Disruption. • Hosting highly concurrent OTLP application on XtraDB Cluster. • Developing a mechanism for fast recovery from full unplanned DC outages.

25.Stateful Apps on PPBF OpenStack • Rolling update is the process to redeploy our environment(s); challenge was how to minimize service disruption • Rolling update requires a new VM to be deployed with the new changes and move the DB instance onto the new VM (A / B deployments)

26.Rolling Update Explained Volume clone

27.Rolling Update Explained Volume snapshot

28.Rolling Update Explained

29.Rolling Update Explained Volume Clone