Amazon Database Migration Service

在本文中,我们将了解Amazon迁移工具。会谈将涵盖迁移前的可能性、潜在陷阱以及对其功能的高级概述。

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1.Amazon’s Database Migration Service, a magical wand for moving from closed source solutions ? Dimitri Vanoverbeke Solution Engineer @ Percona

2. Who Am I • I am your innocent Percona Solution Engineer. • Living in Bruges, Belgium • Works together with Sales, consulting, any departement. • @dim0 on twitter (personal) www.percona.com

3. What is the exact point? • Migrating towards a new infrastructure can be cumbersome • A “silver bullet” to migrate Oracle, Microsoft SQL, Postgres to MySQL or another solution? • Easy migrations not requiring large downtime • Easy schema migrations using the Amazon Schema migration tool. • Performs automated feasibility assessment • Supports a multitude of source database environments and a multitude of target databases. !3 www.percona.com

4.What is a typical migration process • Feasibility study • Can we migrate to required technology? • What are the limitations to the future technology? • What problems could we envision moving to the new technology. • What is really technology specific? • Stored procedures • Specific plugins • Proof of Concept setup • Setup infrastructure • Schema migration • Migration of the data • Benchmarking testing • Application testing • Migration planning • Migration • … www.percona.com

5.So what tools does Amazon provide • Schema migration tool (Amazon SCT) • Windows, Ubuntu, MacOS package • Java tool • Amazon Database migration services • AWS hosted environment providing replication to a multitude of technologies • AWS DBaaS ecospace • Amazon RDS • Amazon RDS Aurora • Amazon EC2 with your own choice of database www.percona.com

6. Schema Migration Tool interesting features • Schema assessment report (per schema) • Verifies the schema for any problematic behavior: • Assesses the amount of manual actions for moving the schema to the new environment. • Verifies functions and checks if it can be migrated to the new environment. • Creates seperation in the following categories: • < 1hour, < 4 hours, > 4 hours • A list of manual actions (or better proposed manual actions) • Converts schema’s and provides you with the table create statements. • Can verify application code for embedded SQL statements. www.percona.com

7.Schema conversion tool (best use) • You can essentially analyze the amount of effort for: • Functionality gaps • PL/SQL usage and modification • Column type differences • Assessment • Essentially you could compare multiple targets and choose the one with less effort. www.percona.com

8. Schema migration Tool • Two components • Java tool (eek) • Database driver • Multiple connectors supported (needs to be Java connector) • Supports a lot of Technologies, even data warehousing solutions for migration to Redshift. • Typically used for large Databases www.percona.com

9.Highlevel Best Practices / Limitations • JVM based • Options for Performance • Balance speed with Memory consumption [JVMUserOptions] -Xmx16128m -Xms4096m • Modify the amount of Memory • Run it on Linux (Mac OS X implementation seems broken) • Use it to convert schema’s or copy database schema’s into the new infrastructure. • You can still do it manual if it’s the same engine environment (using xtrabackup or mysqldump) www.percona.com

10. So what is Amazon Database migration services • Replication instance • Sources • Targets • Events and notifications www.percona.com

11. Replication instance • Replication instance that replicates the activities in the transaction log of the source database, transforms and pushes the changes to the database backend. • Multi AZ option (to make sure the replication environment is not a SPOF) www.percona.com

12.Replication instance www.percona.com

13. Sources • On premise sources • EC2 instances • Amazon RDS instances • Versions: • Oracle 10.2 and later • Microsoft SQL server • PostgreSQL • MongoDB 2.6 > • Amazon RDS (Aurora, MySQL, …) • MySQL 5.5 - 5.7 • MariaDB www.percona.com

14. Targets • On premise • AWS EC2 instance • Amazon RDS instance • Versions: • Oracle > 10g • Microsoft SQL server • MySQL 5.5 - 5.7 • Postgres • Amazon RDS MySQL, Oracle, Aurora, MariaDB www.percona.com

15. Tasks • Tasks are the actual workers for the migration. • Define the schema's or tables to migrate • It’s like a trigger for the actual tasks done on the replication instance level. • Migration tasks • Full load of data to target database • Perform cached changes during load • Migrate + Migrate changes on the source data base • Only migrate changes • Table mapping tasks (Filter, transform) www.percona.com

16. Events and notifications Based on tasks Can be determined events on the replication instance: BEGIN_SCALE_STORAGE – The storage for the replication instance is being increased. REPLICATION_INSTANCE_FAILURE – The replication instance has gone into storage failure. www.percona.com

17. So how do I start? • Perform a schema conversion using SCT If not DMS will try to do it for you, if you use the correct parameters • Prepare your source/target database • eg. Oracle Archivelog mode, and identification key logging • Create the target database DMS user • Create a replication server. (there’s a button) • Create source and target endpoints that have connection information about your data stores. • Create one or more tasks to migrate data between the source and target data stores. www.percona.com

18.Create a replication instance www.percona.com

19.Create tasks www.percona.com

20.Create a tablemapping www.percona.com

21.Status information www.percona.com

22.How can Amazon database migration service help • Feasibility study • Can we migrate to required technology? SCT/DMS • What are the limitations to the future technology? • What problems could we envision moving to the new technology. • What is really technology specific? • Stored procedures • Specific plugins • Proof of Concept setup • Setup infrastructure SCT/DMS • Conversion of the Schema (this will take effort) • Migration of the data • Benchmarking testing • Application testing • Migration planning DMS • Migration • … www.percona.com

23.Best Practices for replication instance • Make sure you scale it enough, investigate how much caching is required for the data set • Parallel import (8 tables are loaded by default) • Limit or increase the threads • Having multiple tasks can put strain on the replication instance • Data migration services create full table scans on the source environment • It does migrate the schema if it can but SCT might be better to do so. (Best practice) • Limit LOB’s (as it might influence replication performance) www.percona.com

24.Best Practices for replication instance • Make sure to migrate the Data if you did not do this prior to it. • Activate task log • Don’t do DDL’s on the source database (it will ignore most of them) www.percona.com

25.Best Practices for replication instance • It doesn't create secondary indexes, non-primary key constraints. (remove them from the source) • Foreign key constraints need to be disabled during the migration's "full load" and "cached change apply" phases. • Avoid using Multi-AZ on the target during migration of the data. • Perform validation!!! EnableValidation = true www.percona.com

26.So how would it work? www.percona.com

27.What if your source is MySQL and target is RDS www.percona.com

28.But also it can help you consolidating… www.percona.com

29. Stay aware • Make sure you are aware what you are getting into. • This tool is to facilitate migrations not make them a success • Test your migration and document your findings • Imply your development team, moving to another database engine might require training • Understand that some parts are a blackbox www.percona.com