5G is Happening Now

华为自2009年开始5G的研究,2012年第一款原型产品研发成功,自那以后,华为与研究机构和大学一起,共同发展那些5G所需要的基础技术,本文描述华为关于5G的思考和进展报告。
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1.5G is Happening Now Progresses and Policies March, 2019

2.Presentation Details 5G and Usage scenarios Huawei approach to 5G 5G Progress EU 5G Readiness

3.5G SERVICES Part 1

4.Key Capabilities of IMT-2020 Defined by ITU 3x ( ms ) (devices/km 2 ) 100x Peak d ata r ate ( Gbit /s) User experienced data r ate ( Mbit/s) Spectrum e fficiency Mobility (km/h ) Latency Connection density Area traffic c apacity ( Mbit/s/m 2 ) Network energy e fficiency IMT-advanced IMT-2020 Peak data r ate User experienced data r ate Latency 10 6 1 500 100 2 0 10 10 5 10 350 1x 10 1 0.1 1x Spectrum e fficiency Mobility Connection density Network energy e fficiency Area traffic capacity eMBB Enhanced mobile broadband mMTC Massive machine type communications URLLC Ultra-reliable and low latency communications Low Source: Recommendation ITU-R M.2083 5G is characterized by increased data rate, enhanced spectrum efficiency and reduced latency. 1000 times higher mobile data volume per geographical area., 10 to 100 times more connected devices. 10 times to 100 times higher typical user data rate., 10 times lower energy consumption. End-to-End latency of < 1ms.. Ubiquitous 5G access including in low density areas.

5.Key Usage Scenarios Drive for 5G Enhanced Mobile Broadband 5G connections will go beyond human beings’ communications, and will enable intelligent internet of things in the future. Next generation of telecommunication technologies will be adopted by a wider range of industries and sectors. 4K/8K UHD Video AR & VR Cloud Gaming Enhanced Mobile Media Home Broadband & TV In- v enue Wireless Broadband In-car Operations Ultra-reliable Low Latency Communications Ultra - reliable applications Self-driving V ehicles Industrial A utomation Remote Manufacturing/Surgery Source: Recommendation ITU-R M.2083 eMBB 10 Gbps mMTC 1 million connections / km 2 U RLLC 1 ms Massive Machine type Communications Smart H omes/ B uildings Energy & Utilities Smart Agriculture Logistics Smart City

6.HUAWEI 5G Part 2 Innovation Cooperation

7.Global 5G Innovation & Cooperation 11 5G research c enters 8 000+ R&D e mployees 300+ top 5G scientists Make ongoing contributions to Phase II of the EUs 5GPPP program and regularly present the results to the EU Commission Work with other EU companies in ITU-R, H2020s 5GPPP, WWRF, and 3GPP to promote 5G R&D Participation in Phase I of DCMS UK 5G Testbeds and Trials Programme Communications with Ofcom concerning frequency technologies and policies Participation in 3 cities’ 5G trials and testing lauched by the gov , in cooperation with the operators Participation in IMT 2020 Phase I, II and III of field tests with the other vendors Participation in 5G MF, R&D on 5G through Industry-Academic-Government cooperation 90 + key roles in more than 100 international standards organizations Initiator of 5GAA, Promoter the establishment of 5GACIA Since 2009 research on 5G In 2018Q3 5G NSA e2e solution In 2012 first 5G prototype Huawei in Standard Organizations and Industry Alliance Huawei 5G R&D Activities Huawei in 5G Tests, Trials and Pilots Launched by Gov

8.5G Innovation & Cooperation with Universities & Institutions benefitting EU Ecosystem Huawei began research on 5G in 2009 and produced our first prototype in 2012 as a proof of concept. And Huawei has built up broad cooperation with universities and institutes to promote the progresses of basic technologies since then. University of Edinburgh University of Surrey Technology University Munich Technology University Dresden Aachen University Royal Institute of Technology Chalmers University of Technology Technische Universität Ilmenau Technische Universität Kaiserslautern 300+ on 5G related technologies , including new air technologies, new architecture, etc (till 2017) Papers Aalborg Universitet University College Dublin Universidade De Aveiro German Aerospace Center Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz- Institut ……

9.5G PROGRESS Part 3 Standardization Situation in EU Global commercial launches

10.5G Standardization Status in 3GPP Standardization can reduce the cost for a massive number of users and address the issue of global roaming, which helps achieve economies of scale. 2018 2019 2020 2017 Rel-15 Rel-16 NSA NR by 2017.12 Full IMT-2020 NR by Q12020 SA NR by 2018.06 Rel-17 Release 15 Release 16/17/18 Frequency Range FR1- sub-6GHz FR2- 24250-52600 MHz NR Framework Waveform & Channel Coding Frame Structure, Numerology Massive MIMO NR MIMO enhancement DC/CA enhancement (Sync, NR-NR DC) UE capabilities NR Mobility enhancement NR Positioning IAB NR SON/MDT NR UE Power Consumption Architecture UL&DL Decoupling CU-DU Split NSA/SA Others URLLC 5G Expansion NR V2X Industrial IOT URLLC enhancement Higher bands(>52.6 GHz ) 5G Efficiency NOMA Standardization

11.5G situation in the EU Source: 5G Observatory report ii

12.Global 5G Commercial launches Source: 5G Observatory report ii

13.EU 5G Readiness Part 4 EU 5G Readiness 5G Spectrum Recommendations and Takeaways

14.EU 5G Readiness map The maps shows how ready EU countries are to launch 5G. The readiness score comprises 6 factor categories. The results show that there is a significant gap between Western and Eastern Europe , with countries in the former being, on average, more ready to introduce 5G. Also, there appears to be a high correlation between a country’s 5G readiness score and its geographic position, which creates 3 ‘clusters’ of countries across Europe. Source: INCITES EU 5G Index reprt

15.Spectrum Effective Spectrum Pricing Supporting B etter Q uality and More A ffordable M obile S ervices With the increase in spectrum bandwidth to support high data traffic in a 4G and 5G world, fair pricing techniques will become ever more important to support efficient spectrum allocation , promote healthy investment in networks and encourage sustainable competition to support affordable services . Source : GSMA, Nera, Effective Spectrum Pricing Price and spectrum cost relationship in countries Cost of Spectrum per MHz/Pop (USD) Price of 1GB per Month (USD) The countries with lower spectrum costs have lower consumer prices for data. Wireless score and spectrum costs in countries Wireless Score Cost of Spectrum per pop (USD) note: wireless score is linked with 3G/4G coverage (%), 4G subscribers (%) and average speed (Mbps) The countries with lower spectrum costs have higher wireless scores than those with higher costs .

16.Recommendations on Spectrum Spectrum 100 MHz per operator will be needed to make the most benefits of the 3400-3800 MHz spectrum . Contiguous spectrum is recommended to improve network efficiency, prevent its fragmentation and scarcity. A combination of high, medium and low bands is required to address a wide range of usage scenarios and requirements. It’s critical to ensure affordable access to spectrum for 5G. Auctions represent a fair regime by providing a rational market value of dedicated exclusive spectrum to users who value it the most; therefore auctions: - should be designed to stimulate spectrum usage - should be designed to maximise benefit for society - should be designed to stimulate investments in infrastructure 1 2 3 4

17.Key Takeaways The EU has all the “ingredients” to lead 5G adoption. Key will be how those ingredients will be mixed. 5G will be adopted faster than its predecessors. Widen installed customer base, higher tech savviness, fiercer operator competition and faster smartphone price erosion will drive this . 5G take-up will accelerate after 2022 . Coverage expansion, network upgrade from NSA to SA, device price erosion, technology maturity, availability of 5G-enabled devices and introduction of advanced services and applications will drive this . W . Europe will have over 150m 5G subscriptions by 2023 . This figure is over 9x higher than the 4G subscriptions after the launch of 4G on a like-for-like basis. A handful of countries will launch in 2019, though the bulk of them will go live in 2020 , inline with EU’s digital agenda targets . E . Europe will have over 30m 5G subscriptions by 2023 . This figure is over 7x higher than the 4G subscriptions after the launch of 4G on a like-for-like basis. Several countries will launch 5G in 2020, though its take-up will lag behind that of W. Europe.

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