09interaction technique --graphics

The course is mainly about graphics,deep dive: selecting and creating objects across different kinds of views.Generally covered Syntax of Operations;Text Selection;Graphical Selection;Graphical Editing Selections in Spreadsheets Selections in Linear and Hierarchical Lists and so on.
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1.1 Lecture 9: Deep Dive: Selecting and Creating Objects across Different Kinds of Views Brad Myers 05-899A/05-499A: Interaction Techniques Spring, 2014 © 2014 - Brad Myers

2.Syntax of Operations Prefix : Operation first, then parameters All command lines are like this GUIs: _____ Postfix: Parameter first, then operation Select object, then hit <delete> Infix: operator in the middle 4+5 GUIs: _____ This lecture: selecting the parameter when it is an object © 2014 - Brad Myers 2

3.Text Selection Early character terminals: highlight or underline characters Bravo, 1974 (modal) Left = char, middle = word, right = extend Margin clicking: left = line, middle = paragraph Underlined Smalltalk, 1976 ( Tesler’s influence) Left click = point between characters Second click = word, end of line = line Beginning or end of (xx) or whole document Extend by holding down mouse button, or shift key Caret between characters Star, 1981 Left click = character, multi-click = word, sentence, paragraph Right button = extends at same level (char, word, …) Not “ pending delete” = cursor (blinking caret) is before or after selection © 2014 - Brad Myers 3

4.Text Selection, cont. Lisa & Macintosh, 1982 (Tesler) Cursor is in between characters Drag-through to select Double-click for word select Shift-click to adjust Pending delete = new typing replaces selection No further changes to selection since then for desktops Motif, 1989 Button 2 (middle) click = move selected text to new point Ctrl-Button 2 = copy iPhone selection handles and “magnifying glass” Text entry and editing covered later – lecture 15 © 2014 - Brad Myers 4

5.Graphical Selection Draw, 1975 Go into “selection” mode Click on object to select it Rectangular area to select multiple – objects totally enclosed Star, 1981 Click left to select, right to add to selected set Rubber band select with right mouse button Lisa and Macintosh, 1982 Click for single object Click in background for no selection Drag through to select multiple (fully within) Shift click or shift-drag to toggle in selected set Reverse video or handles Lasso tool for bitmap selection – animated Note: not drag-through select if start on an object, moves object instead © 2014 - Brad Myers 5

6.Graphical Editing Generally the “tool” metaphor Prefix: pick a tool, then operate Create a rectangle, here, to here Deleting is postfix Selected object, delete Resize, move are generally infix This object, move, to here “Rubber band” feedback to show where will go © 2014 - Brad Myers 6

7.Graphical Editing Draw, 1975, Infix – selected object, type of transformation, where Uses a “transformation vector” or full “affine transformation” Star, 1981 Infix – selected object, “move”, click for where Stretch, can drag out how much to stretch Magnify – same proportions Macintosh, 1982 Postfix Handles can be pressed and dragged to resize Anywhere in object to move Gargoyle (Xerox PARC), 1982 Caret & anchor points Silicon Graphics icon editor, 1989 Objects can “snap” to grid, and other objects, including along an edge © 2014 - Brad Myers 7

8.Parameters to object manipulation When moving/growing an object Lines change differently than rectangular objects Object itself changes, or “interim feedback”? Gridding, snapping to other objects Issues with gridding: origin with window/drawing? Based on object or mouse? Width = inside or outside? Minimum size? Disappears if 0 size? Flip if change sides? Abort after started? © 2014 - Brad Myers 8 Test text

9.Full-Featured Drawing tools Many ways to select and draw objects Paint (Photoshop) vs. Object (Illustrator, CAD/CAM) Demo of Illustrator mechanisms? © 2014 - Brad Myers 9

10.Selections in Spreadsheets Selections in spreadsheets have always differed somewhat from other applications Click on cell, drag to select multiple Shift click to extend Control click (and drag) for multiple selection regions Always operates on rectangles Selection handle to smart-extend values and formulas © 2014 - Brad Myers 10

11.Selections in Linear and Hierarchical Lists Lists and hierarchies operate differently as well E.g., Windows “Explorer”, Macintosh “finder”, etc. Click to select one Click and drag usually moves selected object (no drag-through select) Shift click extends (or shortens) selection to new click point Control click toggles item in selection set May be able to select a region using a box, if start not on an object © 2014 - Brad Myers 11

12.Selections in Linear and Hierarchical Lists Lists and hierarchies operate differently as well E.g., Windows “Explorer”, Macintosh “finder”, etc. Click to select one Click and drag usually moves selected object (no drag-through select) Shift click extends (or shortens) selection to new click point Control click toggles item in selection set May be able to select a region using a box, if start not on an object © 2014 - Brad Myers 11