14 计算机组成--寄存器文件结构

本篇文档主要介绍了寄存器文件结构,具体介绍了创建读取端口、创建写端口、主存、SRAM的典型大小、用4片8K x 1 bit 的 RAM 连接成32K x 1 bit 的RAM 、 用 32K x 1 bit 的RAM 连接成32Kx 4 bit RAM。
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1.Register file construction Creating read ports

2.Creating write port

3.Main Memory Address Processor MEMORY write Data in Data out read Memory ROM (Read only memory) RAM (Random Access Memory) SRAM (cache memory) DRAM (Main memory)

4.Typical sizes of SRAM are (32 or 64 or 128 or 256) x (1 or 2 or 4 or 8 bits) address chip select SRAM output enable data out 32K x 8 bits write enable data in How many lines are there in address, data in and data out?

5.

6.32K x 1 bit RAM using 4 8K x 1 RAMs Data in A12-A0 addr 00 CE 01 in A14-A13 10 addr 11 CE 2-4 in decoder addr CE in addr CE in Data out For each chip, the write enable line is set to 1 during a write operation, and the output enable lines are set to 1 during a read operation.

7.32Kx 4 bit RAM using 32K x 1 bit RAMs Data in A14-A0 Addr Addr Addr Addr out out in in out out in in Data out For each chip, the write enable line is set to 1 during a write operation, and the output enable lines are set to 1 during a read operation.