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Optimizing Performance and Computing Resource Efficiency of In-Memory Big Data A

Optimizing Performance and Computing Resource Efficiency of In-Memory Big Data A

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The performance of modern Big Data frameworks, e.g. Spark, depends greatly on high-speed storage and shuffling, which impose a significant memory burden on production data centers. In many production situations, the persistence and shuffling intensive applications can lead to a major performance loss due to lack of memory. Thus, the common practice is usually to over-allocate the memory assigned to the data workers for production applications, which in turn reduces overall resource utilization. One efficient way to address the dilemma between the performance and cost efficiency of Big Data applications is through data center computing resource disaggregation. This paper proposes and implements a system that incorporates the Apache Spark Big Data framework with a novel in-memory distributed file system to achieve memory disaggregation for data persistence and shuffling. We address the challenge of optimizing performance at a low cost by co-designing the proposed in-memory distributed file system with large-volume DIMMbased persistent memory (PMEM) and RDMA technology. The disaggregation design allows each part of the system to be scaled independently, which is particularly suitable for cloud deployments. The proposed system is evaluated in a productionlevel cluster using real enterprise-level Spark production applications. The results of an empirical evaluation show that the system can achieve up to a 3.5-fold performance improvement for shuffle-intensive applications with the same amount of memory, compared to the default Spark setup. Moreover, by leveraging PMEM, we demonstrate that our system can effectively increase by 66.5% the memory capacity of the computing cluster with affordable cost, with a reasonable execution time overhead with respect to using local DRAM only.
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