For each screen on the prototype that you create, that screen should have every control ... Must work on both PC and Mac; Output a set of web pages, or a pdf file.

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1.1 Lecture 7: Implementing a Prototype: Overview of Using PowerPoint, Balsamiq , InVision, html, etc. Brad Myers 05-863 / 08-763 / 46-863: Introduction to Human Computer Interaction for Technology Executives Fall, 2014, Mini 2

2.Implementing your Prototype How “complete” an implementation for HW4? Screen transitions must work All buttons should do something , even if go to a “not implemented yet” page – facilitates user testing Search, other computation does not have to work “Click-through” level of behaviors Must show any external reactions E.g., taking a picture, starting microwave, making a copy… Pop-up a dialog box saying what’s happening… Level of complexity required: (Same as listed on homework0 page) At least 30 “controls” (widgets: buttons, text fields) About 10 different screens/pages/windows/modes Must be done in one (1) week – no extensions! Will be given to your classmates for HW 5 2

3.“Wireframe” Level Prototype Outlines of the buttons and controls No need for final graphics Our requirement: sufficient functionality to support your tasks Labels should be the real ones So can test that users understand what they do 3 Source: http://support.balsamiq.com/customer/portal/articles/107999-specifying-interaction-with-mockups

4.Or, Produce Final-Looking Graphics Alternatively, could use Photoshop, Illustrator, etc. and produce final graphics Designers want to show what real UI will look like Details of the “look” Web pages often use final graphics E.g., Toffem Medicines Add “click-through” behaviors Usually limited mostly to screen transitions 4

5.All Buttons must be labeled and should “work” User should be able to be equally confused by your prototype as by the real interface. For each screen on the prototype that you create, that screen should have every control that would be on the real screen. Each control should do something Most will go to a “not implemented yet” page 5

6.Implementation Options for HW4 Pretty much any way you want Must “work” – not just paintings “Click-through prototypes” We recommend you do not use Java, C++, Objective C ( iPhone ) or other “professional” language Note: you must be able to create software that is easy for others to run Must work on both PC and Mac Output a set of web pages, or a pdf file If you use OmniGraffle (Mac only) or Visio (PC only ) or Visual Studio (PC only), you must output as clickable pdf or something. 6

7.Recommended Options These are easiest to use: PowerPoint – Brad demo Html – demo Using editor like Dreamweaver Dreamweaver has a free 30-day trial Html + Javascript (more programming) Balsamiq – demo Free accounts to Balsamiq on line InVision – demo Free student accounts 7

8.Lots of other choices… Axure is a popular commercial tool www.axure.com Advantage – only one with components that can be used on multiple pages https ://moqups.com/ JustInMind - http://www.justinmind.com / Flinto - https://www.flinto.com / - prototype smartphone apps Adobe Flash Old tools: Visual Basic HyperCard (1998) & similar Flash Catalyst (2010) 8

9.Lots of Lists of Tools Search for “Prototyping tools” or “ Wireframing Tools” http://uxmovement.com/resources/3-best-vector-wireframing-tools-for-designers / (2014) http ://www.cooper.com/journal/2013/07/designers-toolkit-proto-testing-for-prototypes?utm_source=Cooper&utm_campaign=017b6536a1-Newsletter_Sept13&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_162d77b95f-017b6536a1-85381653 (2013) http://www.fuelyourcreativity.com/17-great-wireframing-tools-for-web-designers/ (2012) http://www.creativebloq.com/wireframes/top-wireframing-tools-11121302 (2012) http://mashable.com/2010/07/15/wireframing-tools/ - “10 free wireframing tools” (2010) http://www.uxbooth.com/blog/15-desktop-online-wireframing-tools/ (2010) http://www.uie.com/articles/prototyping_tools/?link=tips100318_6 (2010) 9

10.What Are People Using? http://www.uie.com/articles/prototyping_tools/?link=tips100318_6 Mar 18, 2010 My survey results are similar (2007) 10

11.Using PowerPoint to Prototype Add a shape, with a label Add a “Hyperlink”: Select “Place in this document” Add an “Action” More options, including “last slide viewed” Useful for “under construction” page Create a slide for each mode of the application Can add nice animations Go back Go first 11 Return

12.Adding Controls in PowerPoint Turn on “Developer Toolbar” Can add buttons, text entry, etc. Script with VB (Office 2007) 12

13.Adding PowerPoint Controls Source: http:// msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb608625.aspx 13

14.Use “Master” for Shared Controls If want controls on multiple pages, can put them on a “Master” “View / Slide Master” Create new master slide and edit as with any other slide Use that master for new slides Drop down from “New Slide” Controls like check boxes, text boxes in Master use same value across all slides 14

15.PowerPoint – turn off auto-advance Make sure that clicking does not advance slide Office 2007: http://blogmines.com/blog/how-to-disable-advance-slide-on-mouse-click-in-powerpoint-2010 / Office 2010 & 2013: 15

16.PowerPoint examples Great training in using PowerPoint: http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/interactive by Maureen Kelly on 2007/08/06 16 Local copy

17.TA-Run Demos HTML prototyping – Michael Loffredo Balsamiq – Julie Eckstrom Professor Myers can get free on-line accounts for Balsamiq online for anyone in class – send email OmniGraffle  pdf – Julie Eckstrom InVision – Sabrina Li Free for students 17

18.Prototyping with 18

19.Why prototype with HTML and CSS? Provides a realistic experience Can be used for any fidelity Allows absolute control over appearance Good for making quick changes 19

20.Why HTML5 and CSS3? More powerful in terms of interactivity than it ever used to be CSS3 Transitions provide you with options to create interactions that used to require JavaScript or jQuery Learn CSS3 transitions 20

21.Drawbacks of HTML5 and CSS3 Might be hard to pick up if not familiar Can take longer to create interfaces when compared with tools like B alsamiq Many features not compatible with all browsers Go to caniuse.com 21

22.What to use For wireframes: Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe InDesign For coding: Adobe Dreamweaver ( free 30-day trial ) Sublime TextEdit (any text editor will work) Alternatives: Google Web Designer Google Sites 22

23.Learn to Code W3schools Codecademy 23

24.OmniGraffle Interactive Prototyping Tool Julie Eckstrom 24

25.Drag and drop interface for creating wireframes 25

26.Add links between canvases to create a clickable PDF 26

27.Drawbacks Have to download other libraries to have a sketchy feel Cannot collaborate easily No transition effects, can only create a clickable PDF Not as rapid as other tools 27

28.Get It Here 14 Day Trial https://www.omnigroup.com/omnigraffle 28

29.balsamiq Rapid W ireframing and Mock-Up Tool Julie Eckstrom 29

30.Low-fidelity prototypes, Sketchy look and feel 30

31.Drag and drop UI libraries 31

32.32 Add click- throughs using “Links” on the property sheet that appears when you select an object. You can go to any screen (mockup) you have made

33.Drawbacks Limited to low-fidelity Cannot export as HTML Does not support transitions or gesture effects Rigid controls for complex elements 33

34.Get It Here Sign Up or Download https :// www.mybalsamiq.com / signup http:// balsamiq.com / download / 34

35.Additional Resources Tutorials and Videos http:// support.balsamiq.com / customer /portal/articles/1335124 Additional UI Libraries http:// support.balsamiq.com / customer /portal/articles/131430 User Testing with myBalsamiq Prototypes http:// support.balsamiq.com / customer /portal/articles/433253 35

36.Design Prototyping Tool Sabrina Li 36

37.Drag and drop interface for uploading screens 37

38.Add transitions and gesture effects to link screens 38

39.URL to display prototype online 39

40.Advantages Quick Hotspot Templates Gestures and Transitions Sharable 40

41.Drawbacks Cannot create or modify designs Mockups and screens must be imported Supports limited file types (JPG, PNG, GIF) Not as robust or powerful as other tools 41

42.http:// www.invisionapp.com / 42

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