人脸识别技术需要解决两个有意思的问题:给定一张照片,根据照片上的人脸,找到他们的名字;给定两张照片,找到他们中相同的人;本篇ppt描述了解决上述两个问题所需要的方法,并引出了其它4个问题:如何找到照片中的人脸;照片中的人脸规整化;如何用结构化数据来描述人脸;以及如何对人脸进行识别分类。ppt末尾还给出了用与机器学习的训练集。SFC数据集包括了来自4030个人的440万张人脸数据。LFW数据集包括了13323张来自5749位社会名流的照片。

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1.Monday, February 1 , 2016 Face Recognition

2.Motivation Overview of Methods Face Detection Face Alignment Face Representation Face Classifier Results

3.Motivation: General Goal Goal 1: Given a picture of a person’s face Given a bag of possible names What’s the name of the person in the picture? Goal 2: Given two pictures of a person’s face Are these of the same person ?

4.Motivation: General Goal Goal 1: Given a picture of a person’s face Given a bag of possible names What’s the name of the person in the picture? Goal 2: Given two pictures of a person’s face Are these of the same person ?

5.Overview of Methods Face Detection Localize the face Face Alignment Factor out 3D transformation Feature Extraction Find compact representation Classification Answer the question

6.Overview of Methods Face Detection Localize the face Face Alignment Factor out 3D transformation Feature Extraction Find compact representation Classification Answer the question

7.Methods for Detection Cascaded Ada-boosting [ P Viola 01 ] Deep Neural Net [ M Osadchy 07 ]

8.Methods for Detection Cascaded Ada-boosting [ P Viola 01 ] Deep Neural Net [ M Osadchy 07 ]

9.Challenges in Face Alignment Infer 3D from 2D Slight occlusion Lighting condition Head orientation Non rigid deformation

10.DeepFace Alignment: Substep 1 2D feature point extraction 2D alignment Only for in plane alignment   Fiducial Point Detection 2D Transformation Until convergence

11.DeepFace Alignment: Substep 2 3D feature point extraction 3D alignment: piecewise affine transformation No perspective correction Reference 3D Fiducial Point Location Detected 2D Fiducial Point Location   Final Alignment

12.DeepFace Alignment: Substep 2 3D feature point extraction 3D alignment: piecewise affine transformation No perspective correction Reference 3D Fiducial Point Location Detected 2D Fiducial Point Location   Final Alignment

13.Global Feature: The EigenFace an eigen problem   The set of images A The dictionary D The representation W [Turk 1991]

14.Global Feature: Dictionary Learning I don’t want negative features: Nonnegative Matrix Factorization   I want less non-zero elements: Compressed Sensing  

15.Local Features [ I Atanasova 2010] Down Sample Local Binary Pattern Laplacian SIFT Pros: easy, fast to compute Cons: not expressive enough

16.The DeepFace [ Yaniv Taigman 2014] Convolution+ Rectified Linear Max pooling Convolution+ Rectified Linear Locally Connected+ Rectified Linear Fully Connected

17.The DeepFace [ Yaniv Taigman 2014] Convolution+ Rectified Linear Max pooling Convolution+ Rectified Linear Locally Connected+ Rectified Linear Fully Connected

18.Classifier Same Person Task:       Metric Learning: SVM

19.Classifier Name of the Person Task:

20.Classifier Name of the Person Task:

21.The Biggest Dataset Ever The SFC Dataset From Facebook 800-1200 each, 4030 people, 4.4M in all The LFW Dataset 13323 photos of 5749 celebrities

22.The Necessity of Deep Neural Net More samples, less error Shallower Neural Net, more error Small error increase in bigger data set

23.Comparison No alignment: 87.9% Only 2D alignment: 94.3% Full alignment + DeepFace : >97%

24.Still Challenging On YTF dataset, from Youtube videos Due to motion blur, view angles

25.Thank You!